1 Chronic Offenders The youth is said to be the hope of our country. They are considered the future leaders of the political, cultural and economic developments of the society in the future. If these children are not raised to prepare for that great responsibility, the future of the nation would become uncertain. That is why it is necessary to take care of our youth so that they would not become juvenile delinquents. If there are youths who are considered as delinquents, it is possible that they will become chronic offenders. These offenders have effect on the community, school, drugs, family, and behavior of a person.The University of Western Australia made mention that the term chronic means the escalating rate and serious offending that is committed by a juvenile or youth (“Identifying Chronic Offenders”, 2005, p. 1). That would mean that a juvenile offender who always commit crime is considered chronic offender. Actually, it affects the community in the sense that people would experience chaos in the society. The existence of chronic offenders in the community is annoying and it would create social unrest. For example, juvenile delinquents have the tendency of forming into groups and display their deviant behavior. These groups are widely known as gangs. The said groups may sometimes are the causes of severe injuries committed against innocent individuals.
Aside from that, the community wherein many juvenile delinquents belong would experience many crimes that can be committed against the inhabitants. This would create more problems of the government as there would be more suspects to deal with, hence, additional expenses. As a result, instead of more government funding for health or educational purposes, other funds would be used in dealing with chronic offenders. 2 This problem can be solved if the government will do its best in finding solutions of the same. The best way to solve the problem is to strengthen family relationships and to enhance the educational experience of every child while they are young. It is suggested that during early childhood, the child must be nurtured in such a way that his or her educational development is supervised. That endeavor should begin during pre-school stage. According to the United States Department of Justice, disruptive problem behavior with serious violation of the property rights of others, is considered an ordinary source of referral to mental hospital or services for pre-school children (“Child Delinquency: Early Intervention and Prevention”, 2003, p. 4). It was so alarming that even pre-schoolers may commit theft or other serious offenses due to negligence of their parents.
The primary reason why children commit these crimes is the inability of parents to nurture their children and help them achieve their physical, emotional, psychological and spiritual development. Since, it is in the home where children will start their educational development, it is but proper that parents must teach their children well some values in life that they should remember. some of these values are honesty, faith in God, perseverance, obedience and respect of others. If these values are engraved in the minds of children, it follows that they would not commit theft and other crimes while they are growing. Additionally, when the children are sent to academic institutions to enhance their knowledge in different subjects, it would give them wisdom and strength in living the kind of life they should live. They would become comeptitive and eventually develop being self- reliant. It would lead to capability in making right decisions on their own. As such, these children would become productive and wholesome citizens in the country. 3 Another thing that should be dealt with seriously is the effects of drugs on the youth today. Illegal drugs and excessive consumption of the same would destroy the future of the youth. Parents and academic institutions must teach the ill-effects of prohibited drugs to young children to educate them properly.
Sage Publications made mention that there is a close relationship between drug use and deviance (“Understanding Juvenile Justice Process and Systems”, 2005, p. 64). Meaning, drug addiction of children would result to deviant behaviors thereby affecting their mental and physical health. Their performance in school will also be affected due to the excessive intake of illegal drugs. Aside from that, the said publications also said that the most common choice of children concerning illegal drugs are alcohol and tobacco addiction (“Understanding Juvenile Justice Process and Systems”, 2005, p. 64). Young people who resort to alcohol are who belong to families that has excessive intake of alcohol and those who have friends that drink alcohol. The examples that are displayed by parents in drinking alcohol at home in the presence of their children, as well as the constant peer pressure of the youth would escalate dependence in alcohol intake. It has been said that, the use of drugs is itself a kind of juvenile delinquency (“Understanding Juvenile Justice Process and Systems”, 2005, p. 64). The very basic logic of this line is that, the use of drugs would result to other problems like commission of crimes. We knew that the term juvenile delinquents was given on the basis that, those offenses committed by the youth are considered crimes when they were adults. The common source of theft, robbery and physical injuries is the use of drugs. Thus, the youth should be spared on this evil deeds and be protected by their parents, teachers and even government officials that are working for the benefit of 4 children. The United States Department of Justice commented that, the relationship of mother and child is one big factor in the behavioral development of the child (“Child Delinquency: Early Intervention and Prevention”, 2003, p. 7). That means, if the mother is already close to the child during the latter’s early years would result to prevention of being deviant in behavior (“Child Delinquency: Early Intervention and Prevention”, 2003, p. 7). That is an indication that close family ties is very important in the proper development of the child. In addition to that, some factors if being combined would cause chronic delinquency. It was a report by the United States Department of Justice which provided the said factors and these are anti-social possibilities of the youth with persistent early disruptive actions, friendship with peers that are considered deviant, and negative effects of rejection by friends (“Child Delinquency: Early Intervention and Prevention”, 2003, p. 7).
During childhood, if the child displayed disruptive behavior in their homes, it follows that when they go out, they would also show it to other people. That is why they should be taught good morals and right conduct in the home when they are still young. Moreover, young children should choose their friends wisely. It is true that to be able to describe the character of a person, it would be better to know who are his or her friends. The kind of friends every individuals have will reflect in their personalities. Parents in the home can help their children in choosing friends by means of giving them proper and timely advice. The best thing to do is to choose friends who do not have the tendency to behave deviantly and those that have high standards in life. 5 The meaning of behavior is just simple. According to Zimmerman, behavior means way of behaving, whether right or wrong, or a mode of conducting one’s self (“Behavior”, 2001, p. 1). The very reason why children behave negatively is because of bad examples by other people especially their parents. According to Hirokazu, when there are plans for crime prevention, people usually target adolescence than early childhood (“Long-Term Effects of Early Childhood Programs on Social Outcomes and Delinquency”, 2008, p. 2). Well, this is not a good start. When children are corrected in their behavior during their tender age, there is great chance that they would behave properly when they grow up. This is because while they are so young, the things that they learned will easily be instilled in their minds. Thus, in order to ensure that the behavior of children will be proper, they should be taught and instructed good morals and right conduct when they are young.
To sum it up, with respect to the effect of chronic offenders to the community, Farrington from the United States Department of Justice made mention that juvenile delinquents are expensive to society (“(“Child Delinquency: Early Intervention and Prevention”, 2003, p. 2). Besides, Florida State University found out that children who experienced deficit in educational development aspect are most likely capable of acting deviantly (“Florida’s Young Chronic Offenders”, 1999, p.1 ). That means education is very important in the prevention of chronic offenses by juveniles. Finally, Eddy, Whaley, and Chamberlain pointed out that, there was an association of drug use and delinquency (“The Prevention of Violent Behavior by Chronic and Serious Male Juvenile Offenders: A- Z -Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Clinical Trial”, 2004, p. 1). It means that due to the intake of illegal drugs, the youth may commit serious crimes to the disadvantage of the society. 6 References Eddy, M., Whaley, R. B., & Chamberlain, P. Questia. (2004). The Prevention of Violent Behavior by Chronic and Serious Male Juvenile Offenders: A- Z Year Follow Up of a Randomized Clinical Trial. Retrieved March 31, 2008, from http://www.questia.com/googleScholar.qstij sessionid-HWBYGDDwzonfmy6QLTZnvfvsjjtM5MW5MW5xJqFX0Mtt8QDC1. Florida State University. (1999). Florida’s Young Chronic Offenders. Retrieved March 31, 2008, from http://www.chs.fsu.edu/…/reports/Young Chronic Offenders Monograph.pdf. Hirokazu, Y. The Future of Children. (2008). Long-Term Effects of Early Childhood Programs on Social Outcomes and Delinquency. Retrieved March 31, 2008, from http://www.futureofchil dren.org/information2826/information_show.htm?doc_id=77676. Loeber, R., Farrington, D. P. & Petechuk, D. United States Department of Justice. (May 2003). Child Delinquency: Early Intervention and Prevention. Retrieved March 31, 2008, from http://www.ncjrs.gov. Sage Publications. (2005). Understanding Juvenile Justice Process and Systems. Retrieved March 31, 2008, from http://sagepub.com/upm- data/4880_Martin_Chapter_3_juvenile_delinquency .pdf. The University of Western Australia. (27 October 2005). Identifying Chronic Offenders. Retrieved March 31, 2008, from http://www.ocsar.sa.gov.au/govs/other_publications/papers/AF.pdf. Zimmerman, M. Self-Knowledge. (2001). Behavior. Retrieved March 31, 2008, from http://www.self-knowledge.com/8905.htm.